Did you know that chocolate originates from Mexico?

The Olmecs of southern Mexico were probably some of the first people to grind cacao beans to make a chocolate drink for rituals and medicine almost 4,000 years ago! Aztec and Mayan people also used chocolate. Mayans have an earth goddess and goddess of the cacao tree that they called Ixcacao pronounced like eesh-cah-cow. Can you say that? IX means ‘her’ while cacao, of course, means ‘chocolate.’ Ixcacao was often called into prayer along with the corn mother and the rain god.

In today’s lesson, get to know the different foods of Mexico with a fun coloring sheet! Then, learn how to make Mexican hot chocolate with a grown-up using our favorite recipe. Did you know that in Mexico people sometimes use this wooden whisk called a Molinillo that makes the chocolate foamy? Also, in some parts of Mexico, hot chocolate is made with water and not milk, which makes each drink taste different. Lastly, people in Mexico don’t use a lot of sugar so that you can taste a bit of the spice from the chocolate itself.


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Note to parents

Note to Grown Ups: This recipe should be done with adult supervision as it involves heating milk and chocolate on a stove top.


Did you know that Mexican wrestling as we know it today, found its popularity as a sport in the early 1900s?

The origins of the freestyle wrestling form, lucha libre, which literally translates to “free fight” go all the way back to 1863. That’s over 150 years of a Mexican wrestling tradition!

Today’s activity is to create your own lucha libre mask and to color a lucha libre wrestling scene. Before you begin, grab some crayons or colored pencils and a pair of scissors to cut out your mask when you are done.


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In Mexico, one of the most studied salamanders in the world are known as Axolotls.

Wild axolotls live in swampy areas of Lake Xochimilco and in the canals that flow into the southern edge of Mexico City.

Axolotls have also been known to have once lived in Lake Chalco, one of Mexico City’s five “great lakes”. This is one of the areas that the Aztecs settled. The Aztec called themselves Culhua-Mexica and they were a Nahuatl-speaking people who ruled a large empire in what we now call central and southern Mexico. The Axolotl name comes from the Nahuatl language and is pronounced Ax-oh-lot-ul. Atl means “water” and axolotl means “dog,” after the Xolotl, the canine Aztec deity.

In today’s lesson, we will learn how to draw your own Axolotl!

Before you begin, you will need a pencil, eraser, and colored pencils or crayons.

1) Did you know: Even though the Axolotl is commonly known as a “Mexican Walking Fish” it is not a fish at all. Axolotls are salamanders which is also a kind of amphibian. They are more like a cousin to a frog than they are to a fish.

2) Axolotls are carnivores known to eat worms, insect larvae, tiny shellfish known as crustaceans, and some fish.

3) Axolotls can live up to 10-15 years but are now considered to be a critically endangered species.

4) Did you know: Axolotls are neotenic salamanders, which means even as they grow older, Axolotls still look as if they are young.

5) Axolotls can regenerate (which is a fancy word to re-grow) the same limb up to 5 times!!


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Bienvenido a Mexico, Tiny Travelers! Did you know, Mexico is located on the continent of North America?

In Mexico, they speak Spanish so let’s get to know some Spanish words with a fun video from Canticos! In “Weather the Weather” or “Jaraba Tapatío,” our learners will learn about all kinds of weather through one of Mexico’s most famous songs. Check it out now!

In today’s lesson, we will bring together some of the things you learned about maps, geography, and land and water forms as we explore Mexico. In Mexico, there are many high mountains throughout the country, vast deserts in the north, and lush green rain forests in the south and in the east.

Before you get started, you will need crayons and a pencil.

First, color the physical map of Mexico.

Next, find and circle the following water forms on the map:
1) the Gulf of Mexico
2) the Gulf of California
3) the Pacific Ocean

See if you can also find and circle the following landforms:
1) The Mexican Plateau
2) the Sonoran Desert and the Chihuahuan Desert
3) Sierra Madre Occidental, Sierra Madre Oriental, Sierra Madre del Sur, Sierra Nevada Mountain ranges
4) the Yucatan Peninsula


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Note to parents

There are a lot of Mexico specific land and water forms to explore in this map.


Before you begin you will need crayons or colored pencils and a pencil.

First, explore the continents of North America. Take a look at the fourteen countries. See what countries you already know about and look for the names of new countries that you might just be learning about for the first time. Find their locations and when you feel ready, quiz yourself using the North America continents quiz.

When you are ready to move onto the next activity, take a look at the animals of North America map and give them some color to bring them to life!


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Note to parents

Some children will benefit from reading aloud the directions and making sure they know what each ocean is and how to color it accordingly. Of course, there can be slight variations on the colors if you do not have one of the shades of green or blue. The main idea is that children understand even though it looks like one big body of water, there are names to different oceans around the world.


Before you begin you will need crayons or colored pencils, scissors, and a glue stick.

We’ll use pictures and symbols to tell a story about the people who live there and create a fun treasure hunt that you can play with other family members.

1) Start with drawing a map of your home. Check out the map examples for some inspiration!

2) Next, draw or cut out pictures and symbols to tell a story about the people who live in your home.

3) Then, add some of the “special symbols” to make your home map into a treasure map!

4) Add a map key with symbols, lines, special shapes, and colors to help readers make sense of the map.

5) You can also use some of the treasure chests or x’s provided to mark the placement of your first treasure.

6) You can make this into a game and hide objects for a treasure hunt game with family members.


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Note to parents

Be sure to help children identify the locations of countries by pointing at the countries and calling out their names aloud. You can also pull out any atlases at home and check out other maps of North America online. Ask your child if there are any countries that they are just learning about and see if they can locate it on the map.


What is a compass rose?

A compass rose is a drawing that is usually found on maps to show the cardinal directions, north, south, east, and west. Have you ever looked at a map and said, “the United States of America is above Mexico?”

But if you are in Mexico and looked up you wouldn’t see the United States. Instead, it is better for us to say that the United States of America is north of Mexico. The most northern point on our planet is the North Pole and the most southern point is the South Pole.

When facing north, east would be left in relation to where you are standing, and when facing north, west would be to the left.

Before you create your own compass rose style, check out the examples for some inspiration.


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Note to parents

See if you can play a game with your child saying what countries are east and west, and north and south of each other using a political map and a compass rose.. For example: “I spy with my little eye a country that is south of the United States of America.” See if they can find Mexico or any country that is south of the United States of America. You can also use hints using family members or friends that are from or live in different parts of the world; for example, “I spy a country that your grandfather is from that is east of Brazil.”


Let’s play a fun matching game to learn about the different land and water forms that exist in the world!

Before you begin, you will need blue and brown colored pencils or crayons, a pair of scissors, a glue stick, and all printed activity sheets.

  1. First, using the example page provided, review how the land and water forms should be paired together.
  2. Next, let’s create our matching game!
  3. Color the gray area with blue to represent water
  4. Color in the white spaces with brown to represent land
  5. Cut out each land and water form picture
  6. Cut out each definition and paste it on the back of its matching land or water form

When you are done, see if you can play a matching game with each landform and its opposite water form with yourself, a grown-up, or sibling! (hint: the opposites are paired on the same page before you cut them out)


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Note to parents

You can use this activity as a jumping-off point to discuss different types of land and water forms. As an extension activity to this lesson, see if you can find some examples of islands, lakes, and other forms introduced in an internet image search. See if you can look at where some of these land and water forms might be in your own neighborhood, region, or state. Print out these pictures and place them beside each land and water form from the print out to see real-life examples.


Now, that you have learned about the different continents and the countries within them, let’s learn about the oceans of the world.

There are seven continents and five oceans on the planet. Before you get started, you will need five different colored crayons or colored pencils in various shades of blue and green as outlined in the instructions.

Color each ocean as follows:

  • Pacific Ocean: Teal or Turquoise
  • Atlantic Ocean: Dark Blue
  • Indian Ocean: Blue
  • Arctic Ocean: Light Blue
  • Southern Ocean: Light Green

Then, cut out some of the ocean animals provided (sheet 3) and add them to your map! You will need a glue stick and scissors for this part.


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Note to parents

Some children will benefit from reading aloud the directions and making sure they know what each ocean is and how to color it accordingly. Of course, there can be slight variations on the colors if you do not have one of the shades of green or blue. The main idea is that children understand even though it looks like one big body of water, there are names to different oceans around the world.


Let’s get to know where some of our favorite animals live in the world!

Before you begin, you will need markers or crayons, scissors, and glue.

1) Color the map and its animal shapes.
2) On the sheet with the animal illustrations, color the animal illustrations and cut them out.
3) Match the animal cut out to the correct animal shape on the map to see where these animals live in the world.
4) When you’ve matched the shape, glue the animal to its home!

Why do you think some animals live in only some parts of the world? What are some animals that live near water or in the water?


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Note to parents

Use this as a jumping-off point to discuss differences in weather or terrain. You could also talk about how animals need to live in certain climates to survive and live happy lives.